Yes, Buildings are always not an enemy of environment while it can also be construct in a way that it becomes environment friendly and resource effective. These buildings are named as Green Buildings or Eco-Friendly Buildings.
Because of the consumption of energy there is worse change in the environment but with the increase in the mass and population, more buildings for homes and business are required. That’s why the need to be Eco-friendly is becoming more and more important – this means we need to start creating buildings that are powered, or at least partially powered by renewable energy, in order to reduce our carbon footprint.
The methods and ways you can go about changing your home from an emission-producing powerhouse into more of a greenhouse are easy and simple concepts. To save energy whatever is thinkable can be implemented to create a green space for family and work.
Most important things required for constructing and living in a building are Air, Water, Land, Resources and Energy(Power). Here’s a look at five things these Eco-friendly buildings are doing to reduce their carbon footprint.
1. Using solar energy: Solar energy is clean and renewable source of energy. Solar panels are an emerging and hot technology for people who want to utilize the natural power all around us, the sun. With the use of Solar energy the energy consumption can be reduced and also helps in the supply of excess of energy. Since it is eco friendly so government is also taking steps to give tax breaks, grants, incentives and huge bonuses to the users.
2. Recycling water: By installing a harvesting system for rain water when the construction of green home is going on. It collects the rain water from roofs and store it in a tank for future use. Also by using Tank less water heaters there are two benefits, one is not to wait for water to get heated and only the required water is heated which is passed through the coil.
3. Integrating green space: Cities and towns around the world are recognizing the need to undertake a sustainability restoration phase to consider future energy, water and transport requirements, together with other environmental impacts and important issues such as the provision of employment and food. This is of particular importance where development plans include the enlargement of smaller towns and cities into new cities or mega‐cities.
4. Incorporating recycled building materials: Each and every part of your house such as roofing material, building material, cabinets, counters and insulation to your flooring should be environmentally friendly. Many such products are recycled plastic, linoleum, cork, bamboo, recycled glass, reclaimed lumber etc. all made from natural and renewable materials.
5. Harnessing wind power: Wind Energy, like solar is a free energy resource. But is much intermittent than solar. Energy from the wind can be tapped using turbines. Be it a small wind turbine on a house, a commercial wind farm or any offshore installation, all of them, at first, need the Wind Resource to be determined in the area of proposed site.
These Buildings are not only in books or in theory, the ways for construction of such buildings are actually implemented by many of the companies. Some of those buildings are:
Tower of Glass, Khanty Mansiysk, Siberia
It’s shape to maximize the impact of solar panel electricity due to reflections, and light the building up in the daytime.
BMW Welt, Munich
This strange structure supports a roof covered in a photo voltaic array, which produces a minimum of 824kWp of energy; there are also steel panels that help heat the building using solar gain.
Northern Arizona University, USA
Their solar power system covers at least 20% of their energy use, and there are also venting windows and automatic shade controls.
Bullitt Centre, Seattle
This is the greenest commercial building in the world, it, like many other buildings on this list, uses a solar array and rainwater use minimize energy use. It was officially opened on Earth day, and it is designed to last for over 250 years.
The Edge (Netherlands)
Its sleek, modern design makes it an architectural dream and a carbon neutral one at that.
The design maximizes daylight, limits solar going from the hot climate, and regulates the internal temperature of the building.
The Change Initiative, Dubai
This retail store not only earned a staggering 107 out of a possible 110 LEED points, but it also walks the walk by selling organic food and Eco-friendly home products.